REVIEWS AND ARCHEOLOGICAL GAZETIN
the Conference on "La ceramica nel Sinis" (25th-26th October
A few months
ago Oristano and Cabras hosted the conference "La ceramica racconta
la storia (The pottery tells the story)". It was organized by the
"Ossidiana" cultural association and focused on the theme "La
ceramica nel. Sinis". Since the first conference was held in 1994,
the meetings have established themselves as both important and stimulating
arena's for debate for all those sardinian archaeologists working in this
The last session was reserved for the post-classical period. The ceramic
aside, three contributions imparticular drew attention to various key
moments in the later historic phases of the island.
"Ceramiche d'uso e prodotti dell'industria aristica minore del Sinis"
was the title of the paper of P.B:Serra (Cagliari.) A detailed series
of materials was presented, including much ceramic that had been recovered
in the outlying areas of the punic-roman site of Tharros. The sigillata
chiara D along with the lamps attest intense trade with North Africa,
especially during the vandalic period. The various christian and jewish
lamps that were found would seem to suggest that Tharros was a highly
diversified religious community.
Apart from the sigillata chiara D, other seventh century finds have been
found. For example, earrings made of twisted wire were found in Tharros.
These have enabled archaeologists to make comparisons with other analogous
objects found in sicilian tombs and has led to corrections being made
in the traditionally accepted punic dating for these objects. A grave
of S.Giorgio of Cabras (OR), for example, provided us with a pair of earrings
termed "globo mammellato", attributed to the VIth-VII centuries.
The communication of D.Salvi (Cagliari) entitled "Ceramiche da un
contesto cabrarese" illustrated the ceramic fragments that were found
at the bottom of a well. It is to be presumed that these ceramic fragments
were there to help in the filtration of water, a technique that was already
in use in Sardinia, and also at Luni. Anaylisis has revealed that the
aforementioned materials contained a slip under the glaze or only slip
which were present throughout the inside faces of the pottery, although
the external surfaces were without covering. The recognisable forms are
table wares: bowl fragments and a dish fragment are some examples.Their
local production is suggested by the clays and the tipically sardinian
decorative motifs, such as flowers combined with wave motifs or flower
decoration that tie in well with spanish parsley decoration. These ceramics,date
to the XVIth century. Despite their small number, they are useful in creating
a distribution map, and as the speaker underlined, they could open up
the way to further studies in local ceramic production.
M.Dadea concluded the session, presenting the communication "Ceramiche
giudicali dalla domestia di S:Jaccu in agro nurachese". The speaker
illustrated the preliminary results of his study on the ceramic fragments
found during a survey in the area of a suspected "domestia (rural
house)". The material seems to date to the third quarter of the XIIIth
century. The imported potteries, like "graffita arcaica", "maiolica
arcaica", spiral ware, are not numerous. However they confirm the
important role exercised by Sardinia as a cross-roads in mediterranean
trade in Middle Ages. The local ceramic production, more conspicuous than
the aforementioned, is represented especially by small amphoras without
slip or glaze. They have a pure clay and combed decoration.
During the concluding debate the importance of intensifying studies of
postclassical ceramic - but also that of postmedieval- was firmly accentuated.
In Sardinia, studies of the later ceramics, have not until now recieved