REVIEWS AND ARCHEOLOGICAL GAZETIN
of A. Augenti Il Palatino nel Medioevo, Roma, Ed. Erma di Bretschneider,
of most important archeological sites of the classical age is to suffer
the inevitable lamentation about the absence or the low presence of the
evidences leaved by the past next to, medieval or modern.
And if it is easy today for us charged the last century archaeologist-antiquarian,
always witness, sometimes conniver or author of the destructions or of
the omissions that today render more difficult the reading of all that
it's not "classical", yet we should try to retrace and sew the
threads of a past deliberately blanked and unremembered; because the present
time risk is to consider only which that you could be seen and admire,
until to extrapolate the object from the own context, deliberately forgetting
again the presence of a former, an after, a different one.
The Augenti's work is meritorious then, because it illustrates the state
of the question, making wealthy the actual our acquaistances with reasonable
doubts and with new proposals of interpretations about one the more important
sites of the ancient Rome, the Palatine; and it's a legitimate point of
departure for new searches.
Augenti divides his book in two parts: the first follows a chronological
thread; the second installs topographically, with the help of cards, the
Augenti explains the continuity of the Palatine as a place of power, until
the time limit of the mid-VIII century, when the Church, after the attempt
of replacing the Roman Empire last civic authority, the Bizantine Duke,
decides to return to the Laterano; and he explains the discontinuance,
like the use as a garbage dump in the south-west zone, or the abandonment
of many buildings scattered for all the hill.
An important subject is how the Church conquests the Palatine and its
propaganda and power places, with the formalities well known in Western
Mediterranean area, a sage untraumatic overlap/substitution of the Pagan
cults and of the Roman Empire administration.
The publication is concluded by five short and interesting monographic
appendixes: A late Roman Amphitheater in the Palatine; The Cemetery
of Santa Maria Antiqua; The excavation beside the Severiane Arcades: first
results (with the contribution of Nicola Marletta and Massimiliano
Munzi); Early-medieval sculptural Finds; New Documents about the Frangipane
Gianfranco De Rossi